The system of “larger government departments”
Under the system of creating “larger government departments”, departments with similar functions and business areas are merged so that they no longer have overlapping functions, formulate their own policies or manage the same areas. This will improve the efficiency of administrative services and reduce administrative costs.
This system was first introduced in 2008 when central and local governments carried out reforms to form “larger departments”. The political report delivered at the 18th National Congress of the CPC in November 2012 called for efforts to “steadily advance reform to merge government departments and improve division of functions among them.” On March 14, 2013, the First Session of the 12th NPC voted to approve the decision on the institutional reform and functional transformation of the State Council, which cut the number of departments of the State Council to 25.