Making the exercise of power more transparent
Any power, more or less, can be misused if it is not subject to constraints and oversight. Since China began to implement reform and opening up in the late 1970s, there have been people who have taken advantage of the opportunities that present themselves during transitional times to make personal gains at the public’s expense.
Many people took advantage of the dual pricing system and SOE reform to obtain enormous personal wealth. To make the exercise of power more transparent, China must improve the system for constraining and overseeing the exercise of power and allow the people to monitor power so that state organs exercise power in accordance with statutory authority and procedures.
China should strengthen checks on power, divide powers reasonably, and allocate powers properly. It needs to make sure that different kinds of powers are exercised by different government departments, agencies or individuals, and create a well-designed power structure and mechanisms for exercising it.
China needs to strengthen oversight activities and improve oversight of officials’ exercise of power, especially those who top posts. It needs to increase the internal oversight of leading bodies and intensify administrative supervision and auditing and inspection oversight. Commissions for discipline inspection should station inspectors in all Party and state bodies to carry out oversight and send inspectors to all localities, government departments, enterprises and public institutions to make inspections.
China needs to increase transparency by implementing a system under which the powers of local governments at all levels and their functional departments are completely listed, and publicize the procedures for exercising power in accordance with the law in order to ensure that the exercise of power is transparent. China also needs to allow people to monitor power so that it is exercised properly. To constrain and oversee power more effectively, it is essential to ensure that commissions for discipline inspection at all levels enjoy independent and authoritative oversight powers.