control : 含义广泛的常用词，指对人或物施以约束或控制的力量。
- If you can't control your dog, put it on a lead!
- You're going to have to learn to control your temper.
- The temperature is controlled by a thermostat.
- The laws controlling drugs are very strict in this country.
- The government is trying to control spending.
direct : 侧重行使领导或指导权。
- A new manager has been appointed to direct the project.
- He was asked to take command and direct operations.
- She directs a large charity.
- There was a police officer directing the traffic.
govern : 侧重指运用任何控制的权力来统治或管理一个国家、一个社会或一个部门，暗含能力和知识的运用。
- The country has been governed by military regimes.
- A president needs popular support in order to govern effectively.
manage : 强调对具体事务机构进行管理，有时含受权管理或处理之意。
- Has she had any experience of managing large projects?
- He's not very good at managing people.
- His job involved managing large investment funds.
- When you have a job as well as children to look after, you have to learn how to manage your time.
rule : 强调用绝对或独裁的权力来管理或统治。
- Most modern kings and queens rule (their countries) only in a formal way, without real power.
- She rules her household with an iron hand/fist (= severely).
supervise : 侧重指运用本身的或被授予的权力来管理、检查工作，含监督意味。
- The UN is supervising the distribution of aid by local agencies in the disaster area.
- The children play while two teachers supervise (= make certain that they behave correctly and are safe).
administer : 指官方的或正式的对事务的管理。
- to administer a charity/fund/school
管理一家慈善机构 / 一项基金 / 一所学校
- The pension funds are administered by commercial banks.
- The economy has been badly administered by the present government.