有关违抗(disobedience)的英语词汇

defiance
英 [dɪˈfaɪəns] 美 [dɪˈfaɪəns]
违抗、反抗、拒绝服从

  • a look/an act/a gesture of defiance
    反抗的神色 / 行动 / 表示
  • Nuclear testing was resumed in defiance of an international ban.
    尽管国际上明令禁止,核试验又在进行了。
  • Thousands of people have taken to the streets in defiance of the curfew.
    成千上万的人不顾宵禁涌上街头。

infraction
英 [ɪnˈfrækʃn] 美 [ɪnˈfrækʃn]
违规行为、违法行为

  • Any attempt to influence the judges will be seen as an infraction of the rules.
    任何影响法官执法的企图都将被看作是违法行为。

insurgent
英 [ɪnˈsɜːdʒənt] 美 [ɪnˈsɜːrdʒənt]
(正式)起义者、叛乱者、造反者

  • By early yesterday, the insurgents had taken control of the country's main military air base.
    到昨天清晨为止,叛乱者已经控制了该国的主要空军基地。
  • All approaches to the capital are now under the control of the insurgents.
    所有通往首都的道路都被叛乱分子控制了。

insurrection
英 [ˌɪnsəˈrekʃn] 美 [ˌɪnsəˈrekʃn]
起义、叛乱、暴动

  • armed insurrection
    武装暴动
  • They were plotting to stage an armed insurrection.
    他们正密谋发动武装起义。
  • Those found guilty of rebellion and insurrection will be sentenced to life imprisonment.
    那些被判决犯有谋反叛乱罪的人将被处以终身监禁。

malcontent
英 [ˈmælkəntent] 美 [ˌmælkənˈtent]
不满者、牢骚满腹的人、反叛者

  • Five years ago a band of malcontents, mainly half-educated radicals, seized power.
    5年前一群主要由文化程度不高的激进分子构成的不满现状者夺取了政权。

sedition(反义词:allegiance
英 [sɪˈdɪʃn] 美 [sɪˈdɪʃn]
煽动叛乱的言论(或行动)

  • Government officials charged him with sedition.
    政府官员指控他煽动人们造反。

transgress
英 [trænzˈɡres] 美 [trænzˈɡres]
越轨、违背(道德)、违犯(法律)

  • If a politician transgresses, that is not the fault of the media.
    如果政客行为失检,那可不是媒体的责任。
  • It seemed to me that he had transgressed the boundaries of good taste.
    在我看来他有伤大雅。
  • Those are the rules, and anyone who transgresses will be severely punished.
    那些是规章制度,任何人违反都要受到严惩。

trespass
英 [ˈtrespəs] 美 [ˈtrespəs]
擅自进入,非法侵入(他人的土地或建筑物)

  • You're trespassing!
    你这是非法侵入!
  • He told me I was trespassing on private land.
    他说我在擅闯私人土地。
  • I hope this is a public footpath and we're not trespassing on someone's land.
    但愿这是条公共人行道,我们没有擅自闯入别人的地界。

insubordinate(反义词:subordinate)
英 [ˌɪnsəˈbɔːdɪnət] 美 [ˌɪnsəˈbɔːrdɪnət]
(人)不服从的,不顺从的;(言行)违抗命令的

  • an insubordinate child
    不听话的孩子
  • In industry, a worker who is grossly insubordinate is threatened with discharge.
    在企业内部,拒不服从指令的工人会面临遭解雇的威胁。

perverse(反义词:docile
英 [pəˈvɜːs] 美 [pərˈvɜːrs]
执拗的、任性的、不通情理的

  • Jack was being perverse and refusing to agree with anything we said.
    杰克一意孤行,我们说什么他都反对。
  • She took a perverse pleasure in hearing that her sister was getting divorced.
    有悖常理的是,她听说她妹妹要离婚时竟幸灾乐祸。

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