与盎格鲁-撒克逊前缀up(上、向上)相关的英语词汇

upheaval
英 [ʌpˈhiːvl] 美 [ʌpˈhiːvl]
剧变、激变、动乱、动荡

  • Yesterday's coup brought further upheaval to a country already struggling with famine.
    昨天的军事政变使这个正在饥荒中挣扎的国家更加动荡不安。
  • I'm not sure it's worth the upheaval of moving to gain just a little more space.
    我怀疑费这么大力气搬家就为了得到多一点空间是不是值得。

upkeep
英 [ˈʌpkiːp] 美 [ˈʌpkiːp]
保养(费)、维修(费);抚养(费)、喂养(成本)

  • Tenants are responsible for the upkeep of rented property.
    承租人应负责维修租用的房产。
  • He makes payments to his ex-wife for the upkeep of their children.
    他向前妻支付子女的抚养费。

upstart
英 [ˈʌpstɑːt] 美 [ˈʌpstɑːrt]
自命不凡的新上任者、狂妄自大的新手

  • Many prefer a familiar authority figure to a young upstart.
    很多人都更愿意跟自己熟悉的权威人物打交道,而不是一个年纪轻轻却自命不凡的家伙。

upturn
英 [ˈʌptɜːn] 美 [ˈʌptɜːrn]
回升、好转、改善、提高

  • They do not expect an upturn in the economy until the end of the year.
    他们预测要到年底经济才能有所好转。

update
英 [ˌʌpˈdeɪt , ˈʌpdeɪt] 美 [ˌʌpˈdeɪt , ˈʌpdeɪt]
使现代化、更新;向…提供最新信息、给…增加最新信息

  • It's about time we updated our software.
    我们的软件应该更新了。
  • I called the office to update them on the day's developments.
    我给办公室打电话告诉他们当天最新的发展。

upgrade
英 [ˌʌpˈɡreɪd , ˈʌpɡreɪd] 美 [ˌʌpˈɡreɪd , ˈʌpɡreɪd]
使(机器、计算机程序等)升级;提升、提拔(某人);(能提高电脑等效能的)软件(或设备)

  • It's very simple to upgrade the indexing software.
    升级索引软件很简单。
  • There were no seats left in economy so we were upgraded to business class.
    经济舱没有座位了,所以我们被升级到商务舱。
  • a hardware upgrade
    硬件的升级
  • The upgrade to version 5.0 costs $395.
    升级到5.0版本要花费395美元。

uproot
英 [ˌʌpˈruːt] 美 [ˌʌpˈruːt]
将……连根拔起;使离开家园(或熟悉的环境);使迁移他处

  • Hundreds of mature trees were uprooted in the storm.
    数百棵大树在风暴中被连根拔起。
  • The war has uprooted nearly two thirds of the country's population.
    战争使这个国家近三分之二的人口背井离乡。

upcoming
英 [ˈʌpkʌmɪŋ] 美 [ˈʌpkʌmɪŋ]
【美式英语】即将发生(或来临)的

  • the upcoming presidential election
    即将举行的总统选举
  • a single from the band's upcoming album
    选自该乐队即将发行的专辑的一首单曲

upright
英 [ˈʌpraɪt] 美 [ˈʌpraɪt]
直立的、挺直的;竖的、立式的;诚实的、负责的、正直的;挺直地、直立地;(起支撑作用的)直柱、立柱、直立部分

  • Please return your seat to an upright position and fasten your belt.
    请把坐椅恢复到竖直位置并系好安全带。
  • an upright freezer/vacuum cleaner
    立式冰箱/吸尘器
  • She behaved as any upright citizen would have under the circumstances.
    她在这种情况下的做法和所有正直公民一样。
  • to sit/stand upright
    坐直/站直
  • The sound of breaking glass made her sit bolt upright (= sit with her back straight).
    听到玻璃破碎的声音她一下子坐直了起来。
  • Firmly secure the two uprights to opposite walls in the alcove and then fit the shelves in between them.
    先在两边墙壁的凹处固定住两根柱子,然后把搁板插进去装好。

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