区别辨析goodness、integrity、morality、purity与virtue

goodness、integrity、morality、purity与virtue这组名词均含有“美德”之意。

goodness : 含义最广,侧重固有的仁爱,慷慨等高尚的美德。

  • Mother Teresa's goodness is an example to us all.
    特雷莎修女的高尚品德是我们所有人学习的榜样。

integrity : 指品格的纯正,有高度是非感的美德。

  • No one doubted that the president was a man of the highest integrity.
    没有人怀疑总裁是个光明磊落的人。
  • Keen to preserve his artistic integrity, he refused several lucrative Hollywood offers.
    他十分重视保持自己的艺德,几次拒绝了好莱坞报酬丰厚的演出邀请。

morality : 强调符合道德标准的行为或用道德准则衡量某事,尤注重男女间的道德品行。

  • They argued for a new morality based on self-sacrifice and honesty.
    他们大力宣扬一种以自我牺牲和诚实为基础的新道德观。
  • I have to question the morality of forcing poor people to pay for their medical treatment.
    对逼迫穷人自付医疗费是否符合道义原则,我不得不提出质疑。

purity : 侧重于道德上无缺点。

  • the purity and innocence of children
    孩子们的天真无邪
  • For Christians, the Virgin Mary is a symbol of purity.
    对基督徒来说,圣母马利亚是贞洁的象征。

virtue : 一般用词,指符合道德准则的隐恶扬善行为或品行或指一种有意识去做善事的高尚道德。

  • Patience is a virtue.
    耐心是一种美德。

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