区别辨析blaze、flame、flare、glow、glare、flash、glitter、twinkle与light

这些名词均含有“火焰、烈火、光”之意。

blaze : 指猛烈燃烧所发生强烈的光。

  • Dry wood makes a good blaze.
    干木柴烧得旺。
  • The campfire smouldered for hours after the blaze died out.
    营火在火焰熄灭后闷烧了好几个小时。

flame : 指一条或多条火舌,多用复数形式,指由许多火舌构成的大火。

  • The flames grew larger as the fire spread.
    火势蔓延,火焰越来越高。
  • The car flipped over and burst into flames (= started burning immediately).
    汽车翻了,顿时起火燃烧起来。
  • When the fire engine arrived the house was already in flames (= burning).
    消防车赶到时,房屋已是一片火海。

flare : 指摇曳的火焰。

  • There was a sudden flare when she threw the petrol onto the fire.
    她把汽油倒到火上时,火焰一下子蹿了起来。
  • The flare of the match lit up his face.
    火柴的光照亮了他的脸。

glow : 指像冶炼铁和钢时发出的红光。

  • the glow of the fire
    火光
  • Neon emits a characteristic red glow.
    氖发出独特的红光。
  • The city was just a red glow on the horizon.
    城市看上去只是地平线上的一片红光。
  • There was no light except for the occasional glow of a cigarette.
    除偶尔有香烟的微弱红光外没有一点亮光。

glare : 指眩目的光。

  • Tinted windows will reduce the glare/the sun's glare.
    有色玻璃窗会遮挡刺眼的阳光。
  • This screen gives off a lot of glare.
    这种屏幕发出的光太刺眼。

flash : 指突然发出而随即消失的闪光。

  • a flash of lightning
    一道闪电
  • The bomb exploded in a flash of yellow light.
    一道黄光,炸弹爆炸了。

glitter : 指连续发出闪烁不定的光。

  • the glitter of the fireworks
    焰火的绚烂
  • The Palace glittered with lights.
    宫殿灯光璀璨。

twinkle : 指如星光等的闪烁。

  • the twinkle of the stars/lights/diamonds
    星星的闪烁/灯火的闪耀/钻石的闪亮
  • He was holding the phone with a mischievous twinkle in his eye (= expression of amusement).
    他手持电话,眼里闪着一丝狡黠的目光。

light : 普通用词,指日、月、星或灯等的光。

  • a bright light
    明亮的光线
  • fluorescent/ultraviolet light
    荧光/紫外光
  • a beam/ray of light
    一道/束光线
  • Light was streaming in through the open door.
    光线从敞开的门口倾泻进来。
  • It's a north-facing room so it doesn't get much light (= brightness from the sun).
    房间朝北,所以光线有些不足。

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