区别辨析bold、brave、courageous、daring、heroic与fearless

这些形容词均含有“勇敢的”之意。

bold : 侧重指面对困难或危险时勇往直前,勇于进取的勇敢精神。

  • She was a bold and fearless climber.
    她是一位勇敢无畏的登山者。
  • The newspaper made the bold move/took the bold step of publishing the names of the men involved.
    该报采取大胆行动,将有关人员的名字都公布了出来。

brave : 含义广泛,指天生的勇敢,无所畏惧地面对困难与危险,侧重胆识与果断。

  • a brave soldier
    勇敢的士兵
  • It was a brave decision to quit her job and start her own business.
    她辞职自己创业是个大胆的决定。
  • She was very brave to learn to ski at 50.
    她50岁开始学滑雪可真勇敢。
  • Of the three organizations criticized, only one was brave enough to face the press.
    三家受到批评的机构中,只有一家敢于面对媒体。
  • Richards has made a brave attempt to answer his critics.
    理查德兹勇敢地回应那些批评他的人。
  • This action will cause problems, despite the bank's brave talk/words about carrying on as if nothing had happened.
    尽管银行貌似若无其事,大言不惭地说要坚持下去,这种行为还是会产生问题。

courageous : 正式用词,侧重指在一切情况下都有胆量,无所畏惧,强调基于道德信念,经深思熟虑后所产生的勇敢。

  • It was a courageous decision to resign in protest at the company's pollution record.
    以辞职来抗议公司污染环境的劣迹是一个勇敢的决定。
  • It was courageous of her to challenge the managing director's decision.
    她真有勇气,敢于反对总经理的决定。

daring : 强调面临意外或危险时胆大心细,头脑冷静。褒义贬义均可用,贬义指胆大妄为。

  • a daring escape
    大胆的逃亡
  • This is a daring new film (= one willing to risk criticism) by one of our most original modern directors.
    这是一部相当大胆的新片,执导者是很有创意的现代导演之一。
  • She was wearing a fairly daring (= short) skirt that barely covered her bottom.
    她的穿着非常大胆,短短的裙子刚刚能够遮住臀部。

heroic : 正式用词,多指在战争或重大危险时,为他人为事业忘我献身的英雄气概。

  • a heroic act/deed
    英勇的行为/英雄事迹
  • a heroic figure
    英雄人物
  • Rescuers made heroic efforts to save the crew.
    救援人员不畏艰险努力营救全体船员。
  • We watched our team's heroic struggle to win back the cup.
    我们目睹了我队为赢回奖杯所作的不懈努力。

fearless : 语气肯定,侧重在危险时无所畏惧,毫无动摇。

  • a fearless fighter
    无畏的斗士
  • Fearlessness stems from selflessness.; Only the selfless can be fearless.
    无私故能无畏。
  • To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.
    搞技术革新就要有一股不怕困难的闯劲。

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