区别辨析criminal与guilty

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这两个形容词均表示“犯罪的”之意。

criminal : 侧重指某种行为是违犯法律的,因而应受到惩罚。

  • criminal offences/behaviour
    刑事犯罪;犯罪行为
  • criminal damage (= the crime of damaging sb's property deliberately)
    刑事损害
  • criminal negligence (= the illegal act of sb failing to do sth that they should do, with the result that sb else is harmed)
    过失犯罪

guilty : 主要指某种行为违反道德标准,也可指违犯法律。

  • The jury has to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent of a crime.
    陪审团必须就一个人是否有罪作出裁决。
  • A person accused of a crime is presumed innocent until proven guilty.
    一个被指控犯罪的人在被证明有罪之前是假定无罪的。
  • The defendent pleaded guilty (= they formally admitted their guilt in court) to the charge of manslaughter.
    被告在法庭上认罪,承认了对其过失杀人罪的指控。