区别辨析discard、scrap与shed

这些动词都有“抛弃、丢弃”之意。

discard : 指把具体的东西抛掉不要,着重扔、丢的动作。

  • Discarded food containers and bottles littered the streets.
    街上到处都是被丢弃的食品包装和瓶子。
  • The room was littered with discarded newspapers.
    房间里到处是乱扔的报纸。
  • He had discarded his jacket because of the heat.
    因天气炎热他脱掉了夹克。
  • 10% of the data was discarded as unreliable.
    10% 的数据因不可靠而被废弃。
  • She could now discard all thought of promotion.
    她现在可以打消晋升的念头了。

scrap : 指抛弃过时不再有用的东西。

  • They had been forced to scrap plans for a new school building.
    他们已被迫撤销了建筑新校舍的计划。
  • The oldest of the aircraft were scrapped.
    最老的飞机报废了。
  • They're considering scrapping the tax and raising the money in other ways.
    他们正在考虑废除这个税种,用其他方法募集款项。
  • We scrapped our plans for a trip to France.
    我们取消了法国之行的计划。

shed : 指毛发、皮肤、叶等经过某种自然的过程而脱落。

  • The trees shed their leaves in autumn.
    树木在秋天落叶。
  • They ran down to the water, shedding clothes as they went.
    他们奔向大海,一边跑一边脱衣服。
  • A lorry had shed a load of gravel across the road.
    一辆卡车在路上掉下了一堆碎石。
  • The factory is shedding a large number of jobs.
    这家工厂正大批裁员。
  • a quick way to shed unwanted pounds (= extra weight or fat on your body)
    快速减肥的方法
  • Museums have been trying hard to shed their stuffy image.
    博物馆一直努力改变自己沉闷的形象。

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