区别辨析faithful、loyal、constant与true

faithful、loyal、constant与true这些形容词均含有“忠实的”之意。

faithful : 多指对人对事或对诺言、誓言的始终不渝,侧重在任何情况下都绝不改变。

  • a faithful friend
    忠诚的朋友
  • They are faithful supporters of the Labour Party.
    他们是工党忠实的拥护者。
  • His faithful old dog accompanied him everywhere he went.
    无论去哪里,他那条忠诚的老狗总是伴他左右。

loyal : 一般指对祖国、领袖的忠诚或对事业、原则、誓言的忠实,不动摇。

  • Jack has been a loyal worker in this company for almost 50 years.
    杰克是这家公司忠诚的员工,已经干了快50年了。
  • When all her other friends deserted her, Steve remained loyal.
    当其他朋友都离她而去的时候,史蒂夫依然对她不离不弃。
  • She's very loyal to her friends.
    她对朋友非常忠诚。

constant : 侧重指思想状态的稳定或信念的坚定,也指爱情或感情等的忠贞不渝。

  • Fred had been her constant companion for the last six years of her life.
    在她生命的最后6年,弗莱德一直是她忠实的伴侣。

true : 侧重个人感情上的忠实和不动摇。

  • She has vowed to remain true to the president whatever happens.
    她已经宣誓在任何情况下都将效忠于总统。
  • He said he'd repay the money the next day, and true to his word (= as he had promised), he gave it all back to me the following morning.
    他说第二天还钱,果然说到做到,第二天上午就把钱全部还给了我。

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