区别辨析girl、maid、maiden与daughter

girl、maid、maiden与daughter这些名词都含有“姑娘、女孩子”之意。

girl : 指7岁到12岁左右的女孩,与boy相对,广义指未婚的女孩。

  • Two girls showed us round the classrooms.
    两个女孩领着我们参观了教室。
  • She saved a little girl from falling into the water.
    她救下一个眼看要落入水中的小女孩。
  • Don was deep in conversation with the girl on his right.
    唐与他右边的女孩在专心交谈。

maid : 指闺女或未婚的年轻女子,也可以指女佣人或宾馆的女服务员。

  • 亚历克丝认为自己是个老姑娘的想法还太早了点。
    Alex is too young to be already thinking of herself as an old maid.
  • In the beach resort, the apartments and villas have daily maid service.
    海滩度假地的公寓和别墅里每天都有女佣打扫。
  • In California many illegal immigrants work as maids and gardeners.
    在加利福尼亚,许多非法移民当女佣、保姆和园丁。

maiden : 指少女,处女或未婚女子。

  • In the story, the prince woos and wins the fair maiden.
    在故事里,王子向那位美丽的姑娘求婚并赢得了她的芳心。
  • stories of knights and fair maidens
    关于骑士和美女的故事

daughter : 指女子对父母而言的概称,不涉及年龄的大小。

  • Liz and Phil have a daughter and three sons.
    莉兹和菲尔有1个女儿和3个儿子。
  • He invested his life savings in his daughter's business.
    他把一生的积蓄投资到了女儿的企业。
  • You should be ashamed of treating your daughter like that.
    你这样对待自己的女儿应该感到羞愧。

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