区别辨析grave、tomb与vault

grave、tomb与vault这些名词都有“坟墓、墓穴”之意。

grave : 一般的土墓,指埋葬尸体的场所。

  • a mass grave
    万人坑
  • an unmarked grave
    无名墓
  • a grave digger
    掘墓者
  • He visits his mother's grave every Sunday.
    他每个星期天都去他母亲墓上祭奠。

tomb语气比grave庄重,指有建筑工程的坟墓,可在地上,也可在地下。

  • The tomb had been robbed of its treasures.
    这座坟墓里的财宝早已被盗。
  • People all over the world come to visit the tomb of Shakespeare.
    世界各地的人们都来参观莎士比亚之墓。
  • Wreaths were laid at the martyr's tomb.
    烈士墓前安放着花圈。

vault : 指地下存放尸体或棺材的地方,也指用混凝土预制的墓穴。

  • She was buried in the family vault.
    她被葬在家族墓室里。

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