区别辨析hot、warm与burning

hot、warm与burning这些形容词都有“热的”之意。

hot : 最普通用词,指温度很高,往往有灼热、滚烫含义。

  • a hot, sunny day
    炎热的晴天
  • hot weather
    炎热的天气
  • a hot drink/meal
    热饮/热饭
  • It's too hot in here, can we turn down the heating?
    这里面太热了,我们能把暖气关小点吗?
  • Bake the cake in a hot oven, about 220°C, for 30 minutes.
    把蛋糕放进烤炉里,用大约220摄氏度的温度烤30分钟。
  • The food was piping hot (= very hot).
    食物是滚烫的。

warm : 通常指温度不太高,介于hot与cold之间,不太热也不太凉,给人以舒适感。

  • Are you warm enough or do you want me to put the heating on?
    你暖不暖和,要不要我开暖气?
  • I put my hands in my pockets to keep them warm.
    我把手放在衣兜里保暖。

burning : 暗示热源是火,多用于夸张,指像火烧一样热。

  • burning sand
    炽热的沙子
  • Suddenly she felt a burning (sensation) (= feeling of heat) in her throat.
    她突然感觉到喉咙里热辣辣的。

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