小词详解 | aghast

小词详解 | aghast
aghast 英 [əˈɡɑːst] 美 [əˈɡæst]

SAT

外刊用例

  • This has pleased some teachers, who felt the EBacc was too narrow, but linguists areaghast.
    这让部分老师十分欣喜,他们认为EBacc范围狭窄,而语言学家却对此举大为震惊。
    ——《经济学人》
    (EBacc全称为“English Baccalaureate”,指“英国中学毕业会考”)
  • If Lenin were alive today, instead of spinning in his mausoleum nearby, he no doubt would be aghast at the two-story replica of a Louis Vuitton traveling trunk on Red Square.
    如果列宁现在还活着,而不是躺在附近的墓里气得发抖的话,毫无疑问,他会被红场上那个两层楼高的复刻版路易威登行李箱惊呆。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[adjective] suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry
[形容词] 突然间充满了强烈的震惊和忧虑

深入解读

aghast是中古英语动词agasten(使惊恐)的过去分词形式,原作agast,一般作表语用,意为“吓呆的、惊骇的”。但到了十八世纪,人们将该词同ghost及其同源词ghastly(恐怖的)相联系,而加上了字母h,构成了现在的aghast。

影视用例

小词详解 | aghast

出自2000年英美古装剧情片《鹅毛笔》(Quills),改编自道格·怀特的获奖同名舞台剧,而电影剧本亦由怀特(Doug Wright)本人执笔。两者均以18世纪末的法国为背景,描述情色文学大师萨德侯爵被关入疯人院后如何度过余生。

同近义词

  • appalled: feeling or showing horror or disgust at something unpleasant or wrong
  • horrified: filled with horror; extremely shocked
  • stunned: very shocked or surprised

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