小词详解 | peninsula

小词详解 | peninsula
peninsula 英 [pəˈnɪnsjələ] 美 [pəˈnɪnsələ]

考研 TOEFL TEM4 TEM8 GMAT GRE

外刊例句

  • in 1943 a German U-boat surreptitiously landed on the coast of Labrador, Canada’s frigid north-eastern peninsula.
    1943 年,一艘德国U 型潜艇在加拿大东北部寒冷的半岛拉布拉多某处偷偷登陆。
    ——《经济学人》
  • Diplomatic, economic and security ties between Japan and South Korea have reached their lowest point in years, a rupture that can be traced to the long-raging dispute over what Japan still owes for abuses committed during its colonial occupation of the Korean Peninsula, including its treatment of the comfort women.
    日本和韩国之间的外交、经济和安全关系已达到多年来的最低点,这一破裂源起于一场激烈的争议,即日本如今应为殖民占领朝鲜半岛期间的恶行承担什么样的责任,其中也包括对待慰安妇的行为。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[noun] an area of land that is almost surrounded by water but is joined to a larger piece of land
[名词] 半岛(陆地一部分伸入海洋或湖泊,另一部分同大陆或更大的岛屿相连的地貌状态)

深入解读

英语单词 peninsula 来自拉丁语 paeninsula (半岛),由前缀 pen + 词根 insula 构成。其中,前缀 pen (pene) 表示 almost (几乎),如 peneplain (准平原)、 penultimate (倒数第二)、 penumbra (半阴影)。

而词根 insula 则表示“隔离”,如 insulate (隔离、绝缘)、 insular (岛国的、偏狭的)、 insulin (胰岛素)。所以 peninsula 的字面意思就是“几乎与大陆隔离”,中文译为“半岛”。

名人用例

The optimist lives on the peninsula of infinite possibilities; the pessimist is stranded on the island of perpetual indecision.
乐观主义者生活在拥有无限可能的半岛上;悲观主义者被困在永远犹豫不决的孤岛上。

出自美国著名作家威廉·亚瑟·沃德(William Arthur Ward,1921年12月17日–1994年3月30日)。他在《读者文摘》等杂志上发表过100多篇文章,著有《信念的源泉》(Fountains of Faith)一书,其励志名言经常被人引用。

同近义词

  • cape: a large piece of land that sticks out into the sea from the coast
  • promontory: a long narrow area of high land that goes out into the sea
  • headland: a narrow piece of land that projects from a coastline into the sea

wechat-qrcode