小词详解 | languid

小词详解 | languid
languid 英 [ˈlæŋɡwɪd] 美 [ˈlæŋɡwɪd]

SAT TEM8 GRE

外刊例句

  • In “DAD'S ARMY”, a British sitcom about a home-defence force, Sergeant Wilson would often query his commander’s various orders with the languid phrase “Do you think that’s wise, sir?”
    有一部英国情景喜剧叫《老爸上战场》,讲述一支国防部队的故事。威尔逊中士在接到指挥官各种各样的命令时总会懒洋洋地反问一句:“长官,您觉得这么做明智吗?”
    ——《经济学人》
  • But jokes don’t fly right now. And in my eerily languid, palpably tense Manhattan neighborhood, it has been a few days since I heard the music of human laughter.
    但现在不流行玩笑了。在我那懒散得可怕、又紧张得很明显的曼哈顿街区里,我已经好几天没听到人类的美妙笑声。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[adjective] (of a person, manner, or gesture) having or showing a disinclination for physical exertion or effort
[形容词] (指人、举止或姿态)不愿意或表现出不愿意付出体力或努力的

深入解读

Languid 一词与 小词详解 | languish 不仅形似,而且同源,都是出自拉丁语 languere (虚弱、微弱),其基本含义是指“软弱无力的、倦怠的”,比如:

  • 她脸色苍白,倦怠乏力,身体虚弱,好像生了个孩子似的。
    She was pale, languid, and weak, as if she had delivered a child.

不过 languid 现在更多的是形容人“慢悠悠的、慵懒的”,强调动作非常缓慢和随意,甚至带有一丝优雅,比如:

  • 懒洋洋的一挥手
    a languid wave of the hand
  • 徐缓从容的声音
    a languid voice

名人用例

Pensive they sit, and roll their languid eyes.
他们若有所思地坐着,转动着疲倦的眼睛。

出自英国诗人约翰·济慈(John Keats,1795年10月31日-1821年2月23日)。他与雪莱、拜伦齐名,被人们推崇为欧洲浪漫主义运动的杰出代表。

同近义词

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