区别辨析aggression、invasion、assault、attack与offensive

这些名词均有“进攻、侵略”之意。

aggression :词义宽泛,既可指武装入侵别国领土,又可指文化、经济等方面的侵略。侧重敌意行动和征服的企图。

  • unprovoked military aggression
    无端军事侵犯

invasion :多指具体的侵入或侵犯别国领土,也可用于指抽象事件。

  • the German invasion of Poland in 1939
    德国于1939年对波兰的侵略
  • The actress described the photographs of her as an invasion of privacy.
    那位女演员认为她的这些照片是对隐私权的侵犯。

assault :主要指突然而猛烈的进攻。

  • An assault on the capital was launched in the early hours of the morning.
    凌晨时分向首都发起了攻击。

attack :普通用词,含义广,指事先不发警告,主动地向对方发起武力进攻或对言论等进行抨击。

  • a series of racist attacks
    一连串的种族袭击行为
  • The patrol came under attack from all sides.
    逻队受到四面八方的攻击。
  • The school has come under attack for failing to encourage bright pupils.
    这所学校因未能鼓励聪明学生而受到非难。

offensive :多指进攻的态势,常指大规模的协同军事行动。

  • Its latest military offensive against rebel forces is aimed at reopening important trade routes.
    它对叛军的最新一轮军事进攻旨在重新打开重要的贸易通道。

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