区别辨析assign、distribute、divide与allocate

这些动词均含“分配,分发”之意。

assign :指按照某种原则进行的硬性分配,也不一定是很公平的。

  • The two large classrooms have been assigned to us.
    这两间大教室分配给了我们。
  • The teacher assigned a different task to each of the children.
    老师给每个儿童布置的作业都不相同。

distribute :通常指以整体或定量分为若干份来分配。

  • The organization distributed food to the earthquake victims.
    这个机构向地震灾民分发了食品。
  • The newspaper is distributed free.
    这份报纸免费发送。

divide :普通用词,侧重将某物分成若干份分配给他人,当某物一分为二时,含平均分配之意。

  • Jack divided up the rest of the cash.
    杰克把余下的现金分了。
  • We divided the work between us.
    我们共同分担这项工作。

allocate :主要指金钱、财产、权力或领土等的分配,着重分配的比例和专门用途。

  • They intend to allocate more places to mature students this year.
    今年他们打算给成人学生提供更多的名额。
  • A large sum has been allocated for buying new books for the library.
    已划拨了一大笔款子给图书馆购买新书。

wechat-qrcode