区别辨析crop、harvest与yield

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这些名词均含有“收成”之意。

crop : 普通用词,侧重指农作物一次收割或一季的收成。

  • a fall in this year's coffee crop
    今年咖啡产量的下降
  • We are looking forward to a bumper crop (= a very large one).
    我们期盼着大丰收。

harvest : 主要指农作物或水果的收获量,有时也指收割的行为。

  • the grain/potato/grape harvest
    谷物/土豆/葡萄收获期
  • We had a good harvest this year.
    今年我们收成不错。
  • Farmers are reporting a bumper (= very big) harvest this year.
    农民说今年的收成非常好。
  • It won't be long now till harvest (time).
    现在离收获时节不远了。

yield : 指生产物,农作物的总产量。

  • Crop yields have risen steadily.
    农作物产量稳步增长。
  • Yields on gas and electricity shares are consistently high.
    天然气与电力股票的收益一直很高
  • a high crop yield
    作物丰收
  • a reduction in milk yield
    牛奶产量的降低
  • This will give a yield of 10% on your investment.
    这会给你的投资带来10%的利润。