区别辨析different、various与diverse

这些形容词均含“不同的”之意。

different : 普通用词,强调事物间的区别或本质的不同。有时侧重对比,不着重差别。

  • She seems to wear something different every day.
    她似乎每天都穿不一样的衣服。
  • He's different now that he's been to college.
    他现在上了大学,与以前不一样了。
  • We're reading a different book this week.
    这周我们在读另一本书。
  • Emily is very/completely/entirely different from her sister.
    埃米莉与她姐姐截然不同。
  • Emily and her sister are completely different.
    埃米莉和她姐姐完全不同。
  • There are many different types/kinds of bacteria.
    细菌有很多不同的种类。

various : 通常强调种类的数目。

  • We had various problems on our journey, including a flat tyre.
    我们在旅途中遇到了各种各样的问题,包括轮胎被扎破了。
  • The author gave various reasons for having written the book.
    作者给出了写那本书的各种理由。
  • Girardo was out of action with various injuries for most of last season.
    上个赛季大多数时间吉拉多都因为各种伤病而不能上场。
  • Various people whom we weren't expecting turned up at the meeting.
    形形色色让我们意想不到的人出现在了会场。

diverse : 语气较强,指性质完全不同,着重显著的区别。

  • people from diverse cultures
    不同文化背景的人
  • My interests are very diverse.
    我的兴趣非常广泛。
  • Jones has a much more diverse and perhaps younger audience.
    琼斯的观众群更为多样化而且可能更年轻。

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