区别辨析emergency与crisis

emergency与crisis这两个名词都有“危急”之意。

emergency : 多指突然发生的出乎意料的紧急情况或事故。

  • How would disabled people escape in an emergency?
    如果发生紧急情况,伤残人士如何逃离?
  • Is the emergency exit suitable for wheelchairs?
    安全出口适于轮椅通行吗?
  • The pilot of the aircraft was forced to make an emergency landing on Lake Geneva.
    这架飞机的驾驶员不得不在日内瓦湖面上紧急迫降。

crisis : 含义广泛,可指国家存亡、历史、经济或人的生命、疾病等面临危急关头。也可指好的或恶化的转折点。

  • The country's leadership is in crisis.
    该国的领导层陷入了危机。
  • an economic/financial crisis
    经济/金融危机
  • We have a family crisis on my hands - my 16-year-old sister is pregnant.
    我家里出了件大事要我来处理——我16岁的妹妹怀孕了。
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