区别辨析emigrate、immigrate与migrate

emigrate、immigrate与migrate这些动词均有“移居、迁移”之意。

emigrate : 指自本国移出,长期定居在外。

  • Millions of Germans emigrated from Europe to America in the 19th century.
    在19世纪,数百万的德国人从欧洲移民到了美国。
  • Thousands of Britons emigrate every year.
    每年有数以千计的英国人移居国外。

immigrate : 指自他国移入,长期定居。

  • He immigrated with his parents in 1895 and grew up on Long Island.
    1895年,他与父母一起移民,并在长岛长大。

migrate : 通常指大批人短期或定期的移居。指动物时,则指定期迁徙、回游。

  • These animals migrate annually in search of food.
    这些动物为寻找食物每年都迁徙。
  • In September, these birds migrate 2,000 miles south to a warmer climate.
    9月,这些鸟会向南迁徙2000英里到更温暖的地方。
  • Mexican farm workers migrate into the US each year to find work at harvest time.
    墨西哥农场工人每年收获季节到来时都大批涌入美国找工作。
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