区别辨析explain、interpret、illustrate、clarify与account

explain、interpret、illustrate、clarify与account这些动词均有“说明”之意。

explain : 含义广,最普通用词,指把某事向原来不了解、不清楚的人解释明白、说清楚等。

  • If there's anything you don't understand, I'll be happy to explain.
    如果你有什么不懂的地方,我会很乐意为你讲解。
  • The teacher explained the rules to the children.
    老师向孩子们说明规则。
  • He explained how the machine worked.
    他解释了这台机器的工作原理。
  • Please could you explain why you're so late.
    你能否解释一下你迟到这么久的原因?

interpret : 着重以特殊的知识、经验来解释难理解的事情。

  • It's difficult to interpret these statistics without knowing how they were obtained.
    不了解这些统计数字是怎样得来的就难以理解它们。
  • A jury should not interpret the silence of a defendant as a sign of guilt.
    陪审团不应该将被告的沉默看作是有罪的表示。

illustrate : 多指用实例或插图、图表加以说明。

  • The lecturer illustrated his point with a diagram on the blackboard.
    讲师在黑板上用图表来说明自己的观点。
  • This latest conflict further illustrates the weakness of the UN.
    最近的这次冲突进一步说明了联合国的软弱。
  • The exhibition will illustrate how life evolved from water.
    这次展览将展示生命是如何从水中演化而来的。

clarify : 指把已发生的事件。情况和现状说清楚。

  • Could you clarify the first point please? I don't understand it completely.
    请你把第一点再阐释一下,好吗?我没有完全明白。
  • The position of all shareholders will be clarified next month when we finalize our proposals.
    下月我们将计划书定下后,所有股东的立场便清晰明了了。

account : 说明某事物如何符合自然法则或逻辑。

  • She gave a thrilling account of her life in the jungle.
    她把自己在丛林中生活的经历描述得惊险刺激。
  • He kept a detailed account of the suspect's movements.
    他详细记录了犯罪嫌疑人的一举一动。
  • Several eyewitnesses' accounts differed considerably from the official version of events.
    几个目击者对于事件的叙述和官方的说法有很大出入。

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