小词详解 | nepotism

小词详解 | nepotism
nepotism 英 [ˈnepətɪzəm] 美 [ˈnepətɪzəm]

SAT GRE

外刊例句

  • Meanwhile, nepotism flourishes, stifling growth and creating inequalities.
    与此同时,裙带关系逐渐滋生,扼杀了发展并且带来了不平等。
    ——《经济学人》
  • But as Vietnamese state-owned companies struggle with scandals and mountains of debt, details of nepotism and shady dealings have come into the public domain.
    但是随着越南国有企业在丑闻和沉重债务的冲击下艰难挣扎,裙带关系和各种肮脏交易的细节开始暴露在光天化日之下。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[noun] the act of using your power or influence to get good jobs or unfair advantages for members of your own family
[名词] 任人唯亲;裙带关系

深入解读

中世纪时期,和世俗社会一样,基督教会中也存在严重的腐败问题。一些教会高官生活腐化,不仅贪污腐败,还蓄养情妇。生下私生子后,往往对外宣称是自己的nephew(侄子或外甥)。

这些人往往会想方设法把所谓的nephew安排到教会的肥差或重要位置上。人们对此现象十分反感,在拉丁语中将其称为nepotismo,其中nepo就是nephew的意思。英语单词nepotism就来源于此。

影视用例

小词详解 | nepotism

出自《实习医生格蕾》(Grey's Anatomy)第八季第五集,一部以医学为主题,在美国十分受欢迎的黄金时段电视剧。该剧曾经获得艾美奖,目前已开播至第十五季,成为盘踞美国电视热门时段最久的医疗剧集。

同近义词

  • cronyism: the situation in which someone important gives jobs to friends rather than to independent people who have the necessary skills and experience
  • favouritism: unfair support shown to one person or group, especially by someone in authority
  • partisanship: the quality or action of strongly supporting a person, principle, or political party, often without considering or judging the matter very carefully

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