区别辨析firm、stable与steady

这些形容词都有“稳固的”之意。

firm : 指牢固不可动摇或意志、信仰的坚定。

  • I'd rather sleep on a firm mattress than a soft one.
    我宁愿睡硬床垫,也不要软的。
  • These pears are still too firm to eat.
    这些梨还太硬,没法吃。

stable : 多指根基牢固,平衡良好,也指性格或位置等的稳定,不可移动或改变。

  • If the foundations of the house aren't stable, collapse is possible.
    如果房子的地基不稳,就有可能倒塌。
  • After several part-time jobs, he's now got a stable job in a bank.
    干了几份兼职工作之后,他目前在银行找到了一份稳定的工作。
  • The hospital said she was in a stable condition (= not likely to get worse) following the operation.
    院方说她手术之后情况稳定。

steady : 指保持平衡不动摇。用于有形物时,指没有根基的稳固,也指动中的稳。

  • I'll hold the boat steady while you climb in.
    我把船稳住,你爬上来。
  • Most rental prices have held steady this year.
    今年大部分租金保持不变。
  • Young people assume that if you are in a steady relationship, you don't have to worry about HIV.
    年轻人想当然地认为,只要保持稳定的恋爱关系,就不必担心艾滋病病毒。
  • The procession moved through the streets at a steady pace.
    队伍稳步穿过街道。
  • Orders for new ships are rising, after several years of steady decline.
    新船的订单数量经过几年的持续下降之后开始增加了。
  • Over the last ten years he has produced a steady flow/stream/trickle of articles and papers.
    过去10年中他连续发表了一系列文章和论文。
  • Progress has been slow but steady.
    进展虽然缓慢,但却也在稳步向前。

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